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Bilateral Agreements Eu Switzerland

The ongoing implementation of these agreements obliges Switzerland to adopt the relevant EU legislation in the sectors covered. From the EU`s point of view, the Treaties contain largely the same content as the EEA Treaties, so that Switzerland becomes a virtual member of the EEA. Most EU Member States are universal throughout the EU, the EEA and Switzerland and offer most of the conditions for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital that apply to Member States. Switzerland contributes to the EU budget. Switzerland has extended bilateral treaties to the new EU Member States; each extension honours the approval of Swiss voters in a referendum. The result of the referendum on extending the free movement of persons to Bulgaria and Romania, which joined the EU on 1 January 2007, led Switzerland not to comply with its obligations to the EU. In September 2009, the Swiss government declared that bilateral treaties were not solutions and that the accession debate needed to be re-examined[35], while the Left Green Party and the Social Democratic Party declared that they would renew their commitment to Switzerland`s accession to the EU. [36] Following the refusal of EEA membership in 1992, Switzerland and the EU agreed on a set of seven sectoral agreements signed in 1999 (known in Switzerland as “bilateral I”). These include the free movement of persons, technical barriers to trade, public procurement, agriculture and air and land transport. In addition, a scientific research agreement has enabled Switzerland to be fully used in the EU`s research framework programmes. These bilateral agreements between the EU and Switzerland are currently managed by some twenty joint committees. In terms of foreign and security policy, Switzerland and the EU have no cross-cutting agreements. However, in its 2000 security report, the Federal Council announced the importance of contributing to stability and peace beyond Switzerland`s borders and of building an international community of values.

Subsequently, Switzerland began to collaborate on EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) projects. Switzerland has provided personnel or equipment for the European Union peacekeeping and security missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kosovo, Macedonia and Aceh in Indonesia, in order to provide personnel or equipment to provide personnel for security purposes. In 2009, the Swiss voted 59.6% and 40.4% against the extension of Bulgaria and Romania. [8] While Directive 2004/38/EC on the right to free movement and residence does not apply directly to Switzerland, the bilateral Swiss-EU agreement on the free movement of persons provides for the same rights for both Swiss nationals and EEA nationals and their family members. [9] Switzerland is not a Member State of the European Union (EU). It is linked to the Union by a series of bilateral treaties in which Switzerland has adopted various provisions of EU law in order to participate in the Union`s internal market without acceding as a Member State. With the exception of one (the micro-state of Liechtenstein) from Switzerland`s neighbouring countries, all EU Member States. Switzerland participated in the negotiations of the EEA Agreement with the EU, signed the Agreement on 2 May 1992 and submitted an application for EU membership on 20 May 1992. A Swiss referendum on 6 December 1992 refused accession to the EEA.

Subsequently, the Swiss government suspended EU accession negotiations until further notice. By ratifying the second round of bilateral treaties, in 2006 the Federal Council downgraded the characterisation of Switzerland`s full membership of the EU from a “strategic objective” to an “option”. Membership remained the government`s goal and was a “long-term goal” of the Federal Council until 2016, when Switzerland`s frozen application was withdrawn. [25] [26] The motion was adopted in June by the Council of States and then by the Federal Council. [27] [28] [5] By letter of 27 July, the Federal Council informed the Presidency of the Council of the EU that it was withdrawing its request. [29] The Swiss Federal Government has recently undergone several important policy reversals, but specific agreements have been dealt with with the EU on the free movement of workers and the tax avoidance sectors within the Swiss banking system. . . .